Resources 2


 Anti-Kickback Statute

The Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS) is a federal law designed to uphold the integrity of healthcare services and associated decision-making in the United States. AKS law specifically prohibits exchanges, or offers to exchange, anything of value intends to induce or reward referrals of federal health care program business. The statute aims to prevent any improper influence on healthcare decisions uncouple medical judgment from tempting compromises due to financial incentives.

Key Aspects of the Anti-Kickback Statute

  • Prohibited Activities: The AKS explicitly makes it illegal to knowingly and willfully solicit, receive, offer, or pay any form of remuneration, including kickbacks, bribes, or rebates, in exchange for referrals for services covered by federal healthcare programs.
  • Scope and Coverage: This statute applies to all healthcare providers, suppliers, and entities that bill federal healthcare programs, ensuring broad coverage across the healthcare industry.
  • Safe Harbors: The AKS provides several “safe harbors” outlining specific situations as to which the statute does not apply. These notable exempted scenarios include certain investment interests, space and equipment leases, personal services, and management contracts, among others.

Compliance and Penalties

Violations of the AKS (including failure of sought-after exemptions) can lead to severe consequences, including criminal penalties, civil fines, and exclusion from participation in federal health care programs. Consequently, compliance with the statute is of utmost importance, and healthcare entities must implement robust compliance programs to prevent inadvertent or intentional violations.


Given its significance, understanding and adherence to Anti-Kickback Statute provisions is critical to all healthcare industry stakeholders in promoting ethical practices and upholding the integrity of healthcare services and decision-making.


Click Here to Go back to Healthcare Law


Want to talk to an attorney who understands your Healthcare Law needs? Let's connect.