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Common Landlord Concessions in Commercial Leases

Commercial leasing can be a complex process, with both landlords and tenants often negotiating terms to make the lease agreement beneficial for both parties. One way landlords attract and retain tenants is by offering concessions.

Here are some of the most common landlord concessions in commercial leases:

1. Free Rent Period: Often referred to as “rent abatement,” landlords may concede a “free rent” period (usually at the beginning of the lease) during which the tenant is not required to pay rent. This allows the tenant time to move in, set up, and possibly begin generating revenue before rent obligations commence.

2. Tenant Improvement Allowance (TIA): Landlords may provide funds for tenants to make specific improvements to the leased space to fit their business needs. The allowance can be a set amount or a per-square-foot amount.

3. Reduced Rent: Rather than offering a free rent period, landlords might provide a reduced rent for a specified duration at the beginning of the lease term.

4. Expansion Rights: Landlords might provide tenants with the first right of refusal on adjacent or other available spaces in the building. This allows growing businesses the option to expand without relocating.

5. Lease Term Flexibility: Shorter lease terms or options to extend the lease can be appealing for businesses uncertain about their long-term space needs.

6. Early Termination Option: Some landlords allow tenants to terminate the lease early under certain conditions, providing them with more flexibility if business conditions change.

7. Parking Concessions: Offering discounted or free parking can be a significant incentive, especially in urban areas where parking is at a premium.

8. Signage Rights: Allowing tenants to place their signage prominently can be a crucial concession, giving their business more visibility.

9. Cap on Operating Expense Increases: To protect tenants from unpredictable cost increases, landlords might cap the annual increase in common area maintenance (CAM) charges or other operating expenses.

10. Relocation Rights: The landlord reserves the right to relocate a tenant to another space within the building or property, typically at the landlord’s expense. This can be beneficial for both parties under specific circumstances.


Landlord concessions can play a pivotal role in attracting tenants and finalizing a commercial lease agreement. It’s essential for both parties to clearly understand and document any concessions in the lease agreement.


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