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Seller’s Schedules in the Purchase Agreement

When selling a business, one of the most important documents involved is the purchase agreement. This agreement outlines the terms and conditions upon which the business will be sold. An essential component of this purchase agreement is the “Seller’s Schedules.”

What are the Seller’s Schedules?

Seller’s Schedules, often simply referred to as “schedules” or “disclosure schedules,” are attachments or appendices to the purchase agreement. They provide detailed information about various aspects of the business being sold. Think of them as the behind-the-scenes data that supports, clarifies, limits and/or elaborates on the main content of the agreement.

Why are they needed?

Schedules serve multiple purposes:

  • Disclosure: They give the buyer a clearer picture of what they are getting into. The seller discloses specific details about the business that might not be in the main body of the agreement, such as lists of assets, liabilities, contracts, employees, and more.
  • Transparency: They ensure transparency between the buyer and seller. By providing detailed information upfront, the seller can reduce the chances of disputes or misunderstandings later on.
  • Protection: For the seller, these schedules can act as a form of protection. By disclosing certain information, the seller can limit their liability for issues that arise post-sale that were disclosed to the buyer beforehand.

Key Components of Seller’s Schedules:

While the specifics can vary depending on the business and the nature of the transaction, common items found in schedules include:

  • Assets: Detailed list of all assets included in the sale, such as real estate, equipment, inventory, and intellectual property.
  • Liabilities: Disclosure of any debts, obligations, or potential legal issues the business may have.
  • Contracts: Information about ongoing contracts, partnerships, and agreements to which the business is a party.
  • Employees: Details about employees, their roles, salaries, and any benefits or obligations the new owner might inherit.
  • Pending Litigations: Any ongoing legal disputes or potential areas of legal vulnerability.

Significance to the Transaction:

Schedules play a crucial role in:

  • Setting Expectations: Disclosure Schedules set clear expectations between the buyer and seller about what is included in the sale and what the current status of the business is.
  • Determining Price: The details in the schedules can influence the final purchase price or the terms of payment.
  • Due Diligence: They aid the buyer in the due diligence process, helping them understand the business’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.
  • Post-Sale Disputes: Should any post-sale issues arise, the schedules can be referenced to determine if the issue was disclosed prior to the sale.


While the main body of the purchase agreement lays out the general terms of the sale, the Seller’s Schedules fill in the gaps, ensuring both parties are on the same page. For anyone considering selling or buying a business, understanding the importance of these schedules is paramount for a smooth and transparent transaction.


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